永胜彩票

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时间:2019-02-18来源/作者:yzs 编辑:源码库 文章热度:

一、问题

pg_ctl start启动时报错退出:pg_ctl:server did not start in time。超时时间是多少?从什么时候到哪个阶段算超时?

二、分析:该信息打印位置,从后面代码段do_start函数中可以看出

1、pg_ctl start调用start_postmaster启动PG的主进程后,每隔0.1ms检查一次postmaster.pid文件,是否已写入ready/standby

2、总共会检查600次,即从启动主进程后,最多等待60s,如果没有写入ready/standby则打印上述日志并退出

3、默认等待时间是60s,如果pg_ctl start -t指定等待时间,则等待时间为该指定时间

三、什么时候postmaster.pid文件写入ready/standby

1、如果是主机不管有没有设置hot standby

1)当startup进程恢复完成退出时,调用proc_exit函数向主进程发送SIGCHLD信号并退出

2)主进程接收到信号后,signal处理函数reaper调用AddToDataDirLockFile向postmaster.pid文件写入ready

2、如果是备机即data目录下有recovery.cnf文件,且设置了hot standby,在实际恢复前没有到达一致性位置

永胜彩票 1)startup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED信号,主进程调用信号处理函数sigusr1_handler,将pmState=PM_RECOVERY

2)每次读取下一个xlog前都会调用CheckRecoveryConsistency函数进行一致性检查:

2.1 进入一致性状态,starup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_BEGIN_HOT_STANDBY信号,主进程接收到信号后调用sigusr1_handler->AddToDataDirLockFile向postmaster.pid文件写入ready

3、如果是备机即data目录下有recovery.cnf文件,且设置了hot standby,在实际恢复前没有到达一致性位置

1)startup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED信号,主进程调用信号处理函数sigusr1_handler,将pmState=PM_RECOVERY

2)每次读取下一个xlog前都会调用CheckRecoveryConsistency函数进行一致性检查。如果没有进入一致性状态

3)本地日志恢复完成,切换日志源时同样调用CheckRecoveryConsistency函数进行一致性检查

3.1 进入一致性状态,starup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_BEGIN_HOT_STANDBY信号,主进程接收到信号后调用sigusr1_handler->AddToDataDirLockFile向postmaster.pid文件写入ready

4、如果是备机即data目录下有recovery.cnf文件,且设置了hot standby,在实际恢复前到达一致性位置

1)startup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED信号,主进程调用信号处理函数sigusr1_handler,将pmState=PM_RECOVERY

2)CheckRecoveryConsistency函数进行一致性检查,向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_BEGIN_HOT_STANDBY信号,主进程接收到信号后调用sigusr1_handler->AddToDataDirLockFile向postmaster.pid文件写入ready

5、如果是备机即data目录下有recovery.cnf文件,没有设置hot standby

1)startup进程向主进程发送PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED信号

2)主进程接收到信号后,向postmaster。将pmState=PM_RECOVERY

四、代码分析

1、pg_ctl start流程

do_start->
 pm_pid = start_postmaster();
 if (do_wait){
  print_msg(_("waiting for server to start..."));
  switch (wait_for_postmaster(pm_pid, false)){
   case POSTMASTER_READY:
    print_msg(_(" done\n"));
    print_msg(_("server started\n"));
    break;
   case POSTMASTER_STILL_STARTING:
    print_msg(_(" stopped waiting\n"));
    write_stderr(_("%s: server did not start in time\n"), progname);
    exit(1);
    break;
   case POSTMASTER_FAILED:
    print_msg(_(" stopped waiting\n"));
    write_stderr(_("%s: could not start server\n" "Examine the log output.\n"), progname);
    exit(1);
    break;
  }
 }else
  print_msg(_("server starting\n"));
wait_for_postmaster->
 for (i = 0; i < wait_seconds * WAITS_PER_SEC; i++){
  if ((optlines = readfile(pid_file, &numlines)) != NULL && numlines >= LOCK_FILE_LINE_PM_STATUS){
   pmpid = atol(optlines[LOCK_FILE_LINE_PID - 1]);
   pmstart = atol(optlines[LOCK_FILE_LINE_START_TIME - 1]);
   if (pmstart >= start_time - 2 && pmpid == pm_pid){
    char  *pmstatus = optlines[LOCK_FILE_LINE_PM_STATUS - 1];
    if (strcmp(pmstatus, PM_STATUS_READY) == 0 || strcmp(pmstatus, PM_STATUS_STANDBY) == 0){
     /* postmaster is done starting up */
     free_readfile(optlines);
     return POSTMASTER_READY;
    }
   }
  }
  free_readfile(optlines);
  if (waitpid((pid_t) pm_pid, &exitstatus, WNOHANG) == (pid_t) pm_pid)
   return POSTMASTER_FAILED;
  pg_usleep(USEC_PER_SEC / WAITS_PER_SEC);
 }
 /* out of patience; report that postmaster is still starting up */
 return POSTMASTER_STILL_STARTING;

2、server主进程及信号处理函数

PostmasterMain->
 pqsignal_no_restart(SIGUSR1, sigusr1_handler); /* message from child process */
 pqsignal_no_restart(SIGCHLD, reaper); /* handle child termination */
 ...
 StartupXLOG();
 ...
 proc_exit(0);//exit函数向主进程发送SIGCHLD信号
reaper->//进程终止或者停止的信号
 AddToDataDirLockFile(LOCK_FILE_LINE_PM_STATUS, PM_STATUS_READY);
postmaster进程接收信号:
sigusr1_handler->
 if (CheckPostmasterSignal(PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED) &&
  pmState == PM_STARTUP && Shutdown == NoShutdown){
  CheckpointerPID = StartCheckpointer();
  BgWriterPID = StartBackgroundWriter();
  if (XLogArchivingAlways())
   PgArchPID = pgarch_start();
  //hot_standby在postgresql.conf文件中配置TRUE
  //表示在恢复的时候允许连接
  if (!EnableHotStandby){
   //将standby写入postmaster.pid文件,表示up但不允许连接
   AddToDataDirLockFile(LOCK_FILE_LINE_PM_STATUS, PM_STATUS_STANDBY);
  }
  pmState = PM_RECOVERY;
 }
 if (CheckPostmasterSignal(PMSIGNAL_BEGIN_HOT_STANDBY) &&
  pmState == PM_RECOVERY && Shutdown == NoShutdown){
  PgStatPID = pgstat_start();
  //将ready写入postmaster.pid文件,允许连接
  AddToDataDirLockFile(LOCK_FILE_LINE_PM_STATUS, PM_STATUS_READY);
  pmState = PM_HOT_STANDBY;
 }
 ...

3、Startup进程

StartupXLOG->
 ReadCheckpointRecord
 if (ArchiveRecoveryRequested && IsUnderPostmaster){//有recovery.conf文件则ArchiveRecoveryRequested为TRUE
  //有recovery.conf文件则ArchiveRecoveryRequested为TRUE
  PublishStartupProcessInformation();
  SetForwardFsyncRequests();
  //向master进程发送PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED信号
  SendPostmasterSignal(PMSIGNAL_RECOVERY_STARTED);
  bgwriterLaunched = true;
 }
 CheckRecoveryConsistency();-->...
 |-- if (standbyState == STANDBY_SNAPSHOT_READY && !LocalHotStandbyActive &&
 |  reachedConsistency && IsUnderPostmaster){
 |  SpinLockAcquire(&XLogCtl->info_lck);
 |  XLogCtl->SharedHotStandbyActive = true;
 |  SpinLockRelease(&XLogCtl->info_lck);
 |  LocalHotStandbyActive = true;
 |  SendPostmasterSignal(PMSIGNAL_BEGIN_HOT_STANDBY);
 |-- }
 ...
 回放一个record后,每次读取下一个record前都会调用CheckRecoveryConsistency

总结

以上就是这篇文章的全部内容了,希望本文的内容对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,如果有疑问大家可以留言交流,谢谢大家对ASPKU源码库的支持。


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